Translational research, with the goal of “translating” laboratory results into improved human healthcare, is fundamental for progression in the field of medical research. Working in a laboratory environment, it is often easy to lose sight of why research is being conducted.
It is not often that completely novel pathogens are identified, but in 2013 this is exactly what happened in South Africa.
With the soft drinks levy six months into effect, the prevalence of sugar-averse drinks has flooded the market. Packaged under ‘free’, ‘diet’, ‘light’ to the classic ‘zero-sugar’, drinks companies have circumvented this sticky problem by dropping the sweet stuff from their recipes altogether.
The human body possesses a diverse and abundant repertoire of microorganisms, termed microbiota, occupying distinct internal and external niches. In numerical terms, the bacterial component alone approaches 50 phyla of 1000 species that cover 1014 bacteria per gram of luminal content.