The Biochemist Blog

Stem cell therapy for arthritis?

By Debosree Pal, JNCASR, India

During the development of an embryo, the initial mass of cells that possess the capacity to constantly divide and give rise to all mature cell types of an organism are referred to as the stem cells. Stem cells have a capacity known as pluripotency, derived from the Latin term plurimus meaning very many and potens that refers to their capacity to differentiate into all cell types.

Spotlight on cerebral small vessel disease

By Rosalind Brown, Centre for Clinical Brain Sciences, University of Edinburgh

Most people will have heard of Alzheimer’s disease, but fewer people are aware of cerebral small vessel disease (SVD), a silently progressing disease of ageing responsible for nearly half of all cases of dementia along with a large percentage of strokes. The global health impact of SVD is huge and while a small number of genetic mutations have been identified as causing some forms, for the majority of cases the cause is uncertain.